by Mundari Online – 16 MAY 2019
The founding of the SPLA triggered the second Sudanese civil war, which lasted for over two decades, killed over two million people and displaced four million but led to the independence of South Sudan 2011 as part of a 2005 peace deal.
At around 5:00 AM on 16 May 1983 a small group of troops from the Sudanese army’s 105 Garrison in Malualchat, five miles outside Jonglei’s capital Bor along Juba-Bor road headed by then major, Karbino Kuanyin Bol, mutinied and opened fire on northern troops stationed there.
This mutiny was followed by 104 garrisons in Ayod, Akobo and Pachalla later in the day. The defections dismantled the 1972 Addis Ababa agreement, which had been dishonoured by former Sudanese President Gaafar Neimeiry.
Colonel John Garang de Mabior, who had been sent to quell the rebellion, assumed leadership of the SPLA, becoming its Chairman until his death in 2005 after signing the landmark peace deal that allowed South Sudan to secede in 2011.
On 9 July 2011 the SPLA became South Sudan’s national army but still has a long way to go to become a modern national military.
Because of the blood of our heroes and heroines who die during struggle, we have a freedom at last as people of South Sudanese.
SPLA/M has led our independence and liberation, it should not forget to continuing lead the people and the country to prosperity and prosperity! Because this is SPLA/M’s mission and responsibility.